The course gives an overview of demographic and ecological processes associated with coastal fish behaviour and life histories. To this end, several case studies from coastal ecosystems in different parts of the world will be described. The course also gives an overview of how human activities such as harvesting can influence coastal fish. Lastly, the course will highlight more recent research showing how natural ecological processes and human impacts on fish communities need to be understood also from an evolutionary perspective via the concept of eco-evolutionary dynamics. Emphasis will be placed on introducing central methods for quantifying fish behaviour and life histories, as well as approaches for managing coastal fish communities from an eco-evolutionary perspective.